Forty-five million Americans smoke cigarettes and 70% of them want to quit. Quitting cold turkey works for less than 10% of smokers. Even with the use of FDA approved nicotine patches and non-nicotine medicines, 75% light up again within a year.
Because of the high percentage of failed attempts researchers are looking at many new forms of cessation programs and medicines. The electronic cigarettes have been around for several years but only recently became the focus of efficacy trials.
One reason for the low success of the patches, gum and medicine is that they do not address the crucial aspect of the triggers that prompt smoking. The E-cigarettes are different and since they replicate the act of smoking they have become a popular alternative to lighting up for those trying to quit. E-cigarette users inhale doses of vaporized nicotine from battery-powered devices that look like cigarettes. Carcinogen levels in e-cigarette vapor are about one thousandth that of cigarette smoke, according to a study in the Journal of Public Health Policy.
Two e-cig trials are due to report results this year. The first is a study of 300 smokers in Italy. It is a follow-up to a similar study in which 22 of 40 hard-core smokers had after six months either quit or cut cigarette consumption by more than half. Nine gave up cigarettes entirely, although six continued using e-cigs. The findings of the larger study are also in line with the small pilot study.
These preliminary results of the report suggest that the dependence on smoking is not just the nicotine but also other factors involved such as the need to put something in your mouth to relieve stress or the nervous reactions involved with reaching for a cigarette.
My opinion is that they work better than most nicotine replacement therapy I have been associated with. My husband has been able to cut his smoking in half by using the e-cigarette.
What has been your experience with e-cigarettes?